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SUBMISSION GUIDE TO AUTHORS

Please read the instructions below before submitting your manuscripts. This is to ensure that your manuscripts are prepared in line with the objectives of the Journal. Sticking to them will ensure that your publication is made as quickly as possible. The International Science Research Journal reserves the right to return and/or reject any manuscript not prepared in line with the instructions.

We welcome the submission of manuscripts from Authors that meet the general criteria of scientific excellence. Microsoft Word, Rich text or PDF formats may be submitted online to International Science Research Journal for peer reviewing through our ONLINE SUBMISSION SYSTEM. For online submission of manuscripts authors should go to “Online Submission”. We request manuscript to be submitted electronically with the text, figures, tables included in a single MS Word of PDF format.

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ONLINE SUBMISSION OF MANUSCRIPT
We welcome the submission of manuscripts from Authors that meet the general criteria of scientific excellence. Microsoft Word, Rich text or PDF formats may be submitted online to International Science Research Journal for peer reviewing through our ONLINE SUBMISSION SYSTEM. For online submission of manuscripts authors should go to “Online Submission”. We request manuscript to be submitted electronically with the text, figures, tables included in a single MS Word of PDF format.

COPYRIGHT LICENSE AND PERMISSIONS
Author(s) on submission of an article automatically transfer(s), assign(s), or otherwise convey(s) all copyright ownership, including any and all rights incidental thereto, exclusively to the Journal. The Journal shall own the work, including, copyright, the right to grant permission to republish the article in whole or in part, with or without fee, the right to produce preprints or reprints and translate into languages other than English for sale or free distribution, the right to republish the work in a collection of articles in any other mechanical or electronic format.  In assigning copyright, authors may use their own material in other publications, provided that the journal is acknowledged as the original place of publication, and ISRJ is notified in writing and in advance.

COVER LETTER
All submissions should be accompanied by a cover letter that includes a brief overview of the manuscript and the corresponding and contacting author contact information including full name, e-mail address, phone number, and mailing address (corresponding author and contacting author). It should also specify the number of display items (figures and tables), the number of attachments (manuscript, figures, Supplementary Information if any), and their formats.

It must include a statement indicating that the article has not been published in another publication and is not being submitted simultaneously to another journal.

TYPING AND ARRANGEMENT OF THE MANUSCRIPT
Papers must be clearly written in clear, concise and grammatically correct English. (with 12 font size and Times New Roman font style). The entire manuscripts except the references should be typed with 1.5 spacing, with margins of 1 inch on each side. The references should be typed single spaced. All pages should be numbered consecutively in the top centre. Indent new paragraphs. Manuscripts that do not conform to these requirements and the following manuscript format may be returned to the author prior to review for correction.

After the review process, author(s) are expected to return their corrected manuscript in the format of 10 font size and Times New Roman font style and the entire manuscript should be single spaced.

The format of the different articles are itemized below:

Format of Research Articles
Research articles present original research and address a clearly stated specific hypothesis or question. Papers should provide novel approaches and new insights into the problem addressed. A research article should divide into the following headings:

  • Title page
  • Author's information
  • Present address
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Introduction
  • Materials and Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Acknowledgments
  • Tables
  • Figures
  • References

Format of Review Articles
Review articles are an attempt by one or more authors to sum up the current state of the research on a particular topic. Ideally, the author searches for everything relevant to the topic, and then sorts it all out into a coherent view of the "state of the art" as it now stands. Interested scientists may write their review articles under the following headings:

  • Title page
  • Author's information
  • Keywords
  • Present address
  • Abstract
  • Text
  • Acknowledgments
  • Tables
  • Figures
  • References

Format of Short Communications
A short communication is for a concise, but independent report representing a significant contribution. Short communication is not intended to publish preliminary results. It should be no more than 2500 words, and could include two figures or tables. It should have at least 8 references. Scientists may prepare their short communications under the following headings.

  • Title page
  • Author's information
  • Present address
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Introduction
  • Materials and Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • Acknowledgments
  • Tables
  • Figures
  • References

TITLE PAGE
This should contain the title (capitalize first letter of each word in the title) of the contribution

AUTHOR'S INFORMATION
Name(s) and address(es) of the author(s). The full postal address, Internet e-mail address, telephone and facsimile numbers of the author who will receive correspondence and check the proofs should be included, as well as the present address of any author if different from that where the work was carried out.

ABSTRACT
All manuscripts must include a brief but informative abstract. The abstract should be self-explanatory and indicate significant data. It should not exceed 300 words and should describe the scope, hypothesis or rationale for the work and the main findings. Both common and scientific names should be included; the authorities are not given if they appear in the title. References to the literature and mathematical symbols / equations should not be included. Abstract must include following sections:

Problem Statement: This section should include answers of the questions:
• Why was research needed?.
• What was the context of the work?.
• Introduce the problem or provide background for what you will address.

Approach:
• What did you do and how did you go about solving or making progress on the problem.
• Describe the method of research, study, or analysis applied to the problem.

Results:
• What results did you get?
• State what you found and relate it to the problem.
• Summarize the major results in numbers, avoid vague, hand waving results such as “very small” or “significant”.

Conclusions/Recommendations:
• What are the implications of your answer?
• State the relevance, implications, or significance of the results or conclusions, to the business.
• Significance of work is often implied by the recommendations or implications for future work.

KEYWORDS
Key words (at least 5) should be provided below the Abstract to assist with indexing of the article.

INTRODUCTION
This introduction should provide a clear statement of the problem, the relevant literature on the subject, and the proposed approach or solution. It should be understandable to colleagues from a broad range of scientific disciplines.

MATERIALS AND METHODS
This should be complete enough to allow experiments to be repeated by others. However, only true new procedures should be described in detail. Previously published procedures should be cited and important modifications of published procedures should be mentioned briefly.

RESULTS
Results should be presented in a logical sequence in the text, tables and figures; repetitive presentation of the same data in different forms should be avoided. The results should not contain material appropriate to the Discussion.

DISCUSSION
This should consider the results in relation to any hypotheses advanced in the Introduction and place the study in the context of other work. It should interpret the findings in view of the results obtained in this and in past studies on the topic. State the conclusions in a few sentences at the end of the paper. Only in exceptional cases should the Results and Discussion sections be combined.

TABLES
Tables should be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information contained in the text. Tables should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals. Each table should be presented on a separate page with a comprehensive but concise legend above the table. Tables should be double-spaced and vertical lines should not be used to separate columns. Column headings should be brief, with units of measurement in parentheses; all abbreviations should be defined in footnotes. Use superscript letters (not numbers) for footnotes and keep footnotes to a minimum. *, **, *** should be reserved for P values. The table and its legend/footnotes should be understandable without reference to the text.

FIGURES
Only scientifically necessary illustrations should be included. Figures should be supplied in an electronic format at a suitable size for printing with the following resolutions: 600 dots per inch (dpi) for line drawings and combinations; 300 dpi for greyscale and colour. Colour figures must be supplied in CMYK not RGB colours. Please ensure that the prepared electronic image files print at a legible size and are of a high quality for publication and MUST be in JPEG format

ACKNOWLEDGMENT
The source of financial grants and other funding must be acknowledged, including a frank declaration of the authors' industrial links and affiliations. Authors must declare any financial support or relationships that may pose conflict of interest in a covering letter submitted with the manuscript. Financial and technical assistance may be acknowledged here. Anonymous reviewers should not be acknowledged. It is the authors' responsibility to obtain written permission to quote material that has appeared in another publication.

REFERENCE
Please we request that only references cited in the text should appear in the list of references in alphabetical order. If they have the same author, they should be in chronological order.  The format to be used is as follows:

Journal paper:
Unamba, C. I. N and Mbagwu, F. N. (2009). Taxonomic studies on five species of the genus Cassia. Intl. Sci. Res. J. 1(3): 1-8.

Books:
Unamba, C. I. N (2010). Plant Taxonomy: Methods and Approaches. CINU Media Publishers, pp: 27-45

Chapters in Book:
Unamba, C. I. N (1994). Anatomical Evidences. In: Plant Taxonomy: Methods and Approaches (eds Mbagwu, F. N and Unamba, C. I. N.) pp. 345–390. CINU Media International, London.

All Journal names and their volumes should always be in italics and from there should be an identation from the second line going. ‘In press' can only be used to cite manuscripts actually accepted for publication in a journal. Citations such as ‘manuscript in preparation' or ‘manuscript submitted' are not permitted. Data from such manuscripts can only be mentioned in the text as ‘unpublished data'.

PROOFS
Proofs will be sent via e-mail as an Acrobat PDF (Portable Document Format) file and should be returned within 3 days of receipt. Alterations to the text and figures (other than the essential correction of errors) are unacceptable at proof stage and authors may be charged for excessive alterations. Acrobat Reader will be required in order to read the PDF. This software can be downloaded from the following website: http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep2.html. This will enable the file to be opened, read on screen and printed out in order for any corrections to be added. Authors should therefore supply an e-mail address to which proofs can be e-mailed. If absent, authors should arrange for a colleague to access their e-mail, retrieve the PDF proof and check and return it to the publisher on their behalf.

PAGE CHARGES

There are no page charges or extra charges for colour photographs. Author(s) are required to pay a handling fee / processing cost of US$ 100 per paper. Acceptance to pay the fee is not a guarantee that the paper will be published.

 
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